Surrealism– An introduction | overview | Easy explanation


Surrealism- Introduction

Surrealism surfaced as a significant cultural and erudite movement in the early 20th century, revolting against rationality and embracing the power of the subconscious. Led by André Breton, Surrealists aimed to valve into the depths of the mortal psyche. Through ways like autohypnosis and chance, artists similar to Salvador Dalí and René Magritte created dreamlike and unconventional workshops, leaving a continuing impact on the art world.

Surrealism- Introduction through upper written categories

These two above-written orders, “Pens and Proponents ” and “ Cinema and Theatre” comprise an essential aspect of the life of this artist. Surrealism is an art style of the elite class that played a vital part in the Surrealism Renaissance movement.

You would know these effects in this composition- Surrealist Manifestos, Founding of the movement, Golden age- World War II and the Post War period & Impact of Surrealism.

There are other art movements similar to “ Impressionism, ” “ Romanticism, ” and “Erraticism” which are analogous to some extent.

Some artists of Surrealism come from other art styles such as Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, René Magritte, Frida Kahlo, and André Breton.

This art movement( Surrealism) has numerous notorious oil artworks similar to “ Philosopher’s Beacon, ” “ The Business of Images, ” and “ Voluptas Mors. ”

still, also “ The continuity of Memory ” comes in the beautiful first place, “ Guernica, If you see the beauty of these oils.

If you( As a/Surrealism pupil) want to read exhaustively also read these sections – “ pens and Proponents( cultural approach) ” and “ Cinema and Theatre ( Other aspects). ”

These orders comprise in-depth knowledge, especially- “ pens and Proponents ”- A order.

SURREALISM was an art movement, and if you want to read about Surrealism exhaustively, you should cover its most notorious artists – Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, René Magritte, Frida Kahlo, and André Breton.

But if you have less time, also you may elect- the Surrealism Characteristic section.

Surrealism- Characteristics

Surrealism, an artwork and writing way that started in the early 20th century had its special things which made it unique. Here are some characteristics that define Surrealism:

  1. Exploration of the Unconscious: Surrealists were interested in the power of our minds and how deep they can be. They wanted to get into the world of dreams, make-believe and not real for expressing thoughts and feelings that were more than just thinking straight.
  2. Unexpected Combinations: Surrealist artists liked to surprise their watchers by joining together things that seemed unrelated or even opposite. By mixing different things, animals or places together in strange ways they made people think about what is real and question how they see the world.
  3. Challenging Reality: Surrealists tried to fight against the usual rules and leave society’s normal ways. They used their drawings to challenge common ideas about reality, beauty and truth. By showing different worlds and breaking down old orders, they made people think deeply about their own points of view.
  4. Psychological and Political Engagement: Surrealism wasn’t just about art. Surrealist artists dealt with mental and political problems in their time. They talked about society’s issues, showed hidden wishes and thought on the troubles of war and oppression. They aimed to make people pay attention to these big matters.
  5. Liberation of Desires: Surrealism cheered the liberty of wishes, from mindful and hidden states. But it did not apply rules made by society. It looked into forbidden topics, hidden wants and strange parts of being human. Surrealists wanted to free these wishes and make people accept all their feelings, hopes and dreams.

These features made Surrealism an interesting and mind-stimulating art movement. Its effect keeps exciting and holding people’s interest. It gives a special way for us to look at the limits of human thoughts and understanding.

Surrealism- 4 Frequently asked questions

What is Surrealism?

Surrealism is an art movement, and the Surrealism artist tries to express cultural study through Surrealism oils artworks.

There are so numerous artists similar as Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, and René Magritte who defined this art style through their artworks similar as “ Philosopher’s beacon, ” “ The business of Images ” and “ Voluptas Mors. ”

Therefore Surrealism is a pastiche of numerous different art styles similar as “ Impressionism, ” “ Romanticism, ” “ erraticism ”etc.

There are two effects, the demand of Movement oils artworks and fame of Surrealism artists. Still, there are numerous artworks which are in huge demand similar as “ Philosopher’s beacon, ” “ The business of Images ” and “ The continuity of Memory. ”

Still, there are numerous European exhibitions which display – “ Champion’s beacon, ” “ The continuity of Memory, ” “ Voluptas Mors. ”

These Movement oils show the fashionability of this art style. Salvador Dali, André Breton, and René Magritte are other factors of its fashionability.

What do you think about Surrealism?

Surrealism is an cultural and intellectual art movement which has a complicated history; Movement was the way of expression for “ André Breton, ” “ René Magritte, ” and “ Salvador Dali. ”

In gospel and the history of ideas, this art style is veritably different. See order- “ pens and Proponents ” and “ Cinema and theatre. ”

You would get the depth of this art style, through Surrealism artworks, artists try to emphasize on the free inflow of expression.

Artworks of Movement artists explore the relationship between celebrity culture( pens and Proponents) and visual expression( Cinema and theatre).

What are the features of Surrealism?

This art style is trendy; Surrealism surfaced in 1920 as a/ an Surrealism movement when there was cultural standoff among European countries.

Some artists similar as “ Frida Kahlo, ” “ Salvador Dali ” and “ André Breton. ”

If you want to know the features of the movement, also you should read about “ Salvador Dali ” and “ Pablo Picasso. ” And you may also know it by going through these orders- “ pens and Proponents ” and “ Cinema and theatre. ”

These orders cover everything exhaustively.

Surrealism- 5 topmost artists

1. Salvador Dali

Born: 11 May 1904, Figueres, Spain

Died: 23 January 1989, Figueres, Spain

Periods: Surrealism, Cubism, Dada work, Modern art

Influenced by: Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, Federico García Lorca, MORE

Full name: Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech

Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali

2. Pablo Picasso

Born: 25 October 1881, Málaga, Spain

Died: 8 April 1973, Mougins, France

Periods: Cubism, Modern art, Surrealism, Picasso’s Blue Period, MORE

Spouse: Jacqueline Roque (m. 1961–1973), Olga Khokhlova (m. 1918–1955)

Influenced by: Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, MORE

Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso

3. René Magritte

Born: 21 November 1898, Lessines, Belgium

Died: 15 August 1967, Rue des Mimosas, Schaerbeek, Belgium

Periods: Surrealism, Modern art, Dada work

Influenced by: André Breton, Sigmund Freud, Jack Boynton

Spouse: Georgette Berger (m. 1922–1967)

René Magritte
René Magritte

4. Farida Kahlo

Born: 6 July 1907, Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico

Died: 13 July 1954, Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico

Spouse: Diego Rivera (m. 1940–1954), Diego Rivera (m. 1929–1939)

Periods: Surrealism, Modern art, Cubism, Symbolism, Magical Realism

Farida Kahlo
Farida Kahlo

5. Andre Breton

Born: February 1896, Tinchebray, Tinchebray-Bocage, France

Died: 28 September 1966, Paris, France

Influenced by: Tristan Tzara, Guillaume Apollinaire, MORE

Spouse: Elisa Breton (m. 1945–1966), Jacqueline Lamba (m. 1934–1943), Simone Collinet (m. 1921–1931)

Influenced: René Magritte, Joan Miró, Paul Éluard, Louis Aragon, MORE

Periods: Surrealism, Dada work

Andre Breton
Andre Breton

Surrealism- Introduction of these artists

1st SALVADOR DALI– Salvador Dali is the artist of the Surrealism art movement who played a vital role in the art movement renaissance, the date of birth of this artist is 11 May 1904, and the place of birth is- Pob1.

Notable works:- The Persistence of Memory (1931) & Galatea of the Spheres (1952).

Qualification:- San Fernando School of Fine Arts, Madrid, Spain (Skilled draftsman).

2nd PABLO PICASSO– The date of birth of Pablo Picasso is 25 October 1881, this artist was born during the Movement period when the art movement was at its peak wherein Pablo Picasso played a vital role in this art movement.

Notable works:- Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1910) & The Weeping Woman (1937).

Qualification:- Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando (Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker).

3rd RENÉ MAGRITTE– This name also emerged during the Surrealism art movement. The artwork demand of René Magritte is a little bit lower than Salvador Dali.

Notable works:- The Treachery of Images & The Menaced Assassin.

Qualification:- Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Belgian Surrealist artist).

4th FRIDA KAHLO– The artistic qualification of this artist is- Self-taught Mexican painter. Frida Kahlo is the artist of the art movement who also played a vital role in the Surrealism art movement renaissance.

Notable works:- Henry Ford Hospital (1932) & The Broken Column (1944).

Qualification:- Self-taught Mexican painter.

5th ANDRÉ BRETON– The date of birth of this artist is 18 February 1896, and the artistic qualification of this artist is- Joined the French Communist Party (French writer, poet and anti-fascist). The artworks demand of André Breton is a little bit lesser than Salvador Dali.

Notable works:- Mount of Piety, 1919 & Please 1920.

Qualification:- Joined the French Communist Party (French writer, poet and anti-fascist).

  1. Dadaism: Dadaism, an art movement that came up during World War I set the stage for Surrealism. Dadaists said no to usual art ways and liked silly things, chance events, and didn’t like the establishment. Surrealism got Dada’s feeling of fighting back and used its strange ways that didn’t make sense.
  2. Abstract Expressionism: In the middle of the 20th century, Abstract Expressionism and Surrealism both shared similar ideas in art and thought. Both actions tried to show inner feelings and explore the deep parts of a person’s mind. Surrealism used dreams and symbols in pictures, while Abstract Expressionism cared more about quick and free shapes to show strong feelings. These helped connect with the hidden parts of our minds too.
  3. Pop Art: Growing in the 50s and 60s, Pop Art was a response against Abstract Expressionism’s seriousness. But it also liked Surrealism’s interest in putting objects and images that don’t belong together. Pop Art mixes things from popular stuff, media, and buying goods to make a weird joke critic about today’s world. The movement took ideas from Surrealism’s methods of putting odd things together, questioning common notions about art.
Renowned artist of Surrealism
Renowned artist of Surrealism

Surrealism- Key facts

Surrealists were inspired by the ideas of Sigmund Freud about the mind and influenced by the Dadaist movement before them. This earlier group didn’t like making sense or following rules in society.

Surrealism tried to reach the hidden mind and let out endless imagination. Artists used methods like automatism, where they let their hands make things without thinking about it. They also looked into dreams and used a method called free association to reach hidden thoughts and feelings.

Famous artists like Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Max Ernst, and others loved how Surrealism looked at strange stuff. They also liked putting together things you wouldn’t expect to be next to each other in their art. Their artworks questioned old ideas about real life. They asked people to enter a world full of magical and dreamy pictures.

The movement also looked at want, sex, and topics that are usually forbidden. It aimed to show the unknown sides of people and fight against rules made by society.

The action was not only in art but also turned into political involvement. A lot of Surrealists sided with leftist or Marxist views. They used their art to criticize society, fighting against unjust systems and calling for change.

Surrealism’s power reached all over the world, affecting more than just art. It also influenced writing, plays, and movies.

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